1) Trees, trees, trees to reverse heat island, create shade, lessen ozone production

2) Shade structures, especially at bus stops and where people walk or gather

3) Green spaces in every neighborhood, for a respite from the heat

4) Schools, public buildings, churches as cooling centers in every neighborhood

5) Renewable power and microgrids to keep the power on during outages – especially at those cooling centers

6) Light-colored roofs. This alone is shockingly effective! Also rooftop solar

7) Insulate and weatherize buildings

8) Bring back the porch. Creates shade, shades windows, creates cooler pocket next to wall

9) Borrow building ideas from hot climates: colonades, courtyards

10) Build with thicker walls: structural insulated panels (SIPs) but also masonry, adobe, straw bale…

11) Transportation without combustion, because engines > heat and smog. Bikes, walking, EVs, micromobility and transit without combustion

12) Orient buildings to maximize airflow from wind. In the US, generally winds come from the west/southwest in summer

13) Use awnings outside windows

14) Rethink public use of spaces after dark – lighting, security, visibility

15) Capitalize on vacant lots and other overgrown urban wilds to create more green space and cooling vegetation.
I wrote Design by Deficit about this so of course I left it til last #DesignByDeficit

I’m a landscape architect and sustainability expert, but everyone can do something!